Funny how formulas creep into our minds, displacing openness to the possibility that they exist in order to be disproven. For example, take sentence structure.  Everyone knows that a properly constructed sentence consists of a subject and a predicate, in that order.  Except when not:  in order to build suspense perhaps, or in a poem.
Similarly in music we learn that upbeats are followed by downbeats.  This may be true on paper but not necessarily in the sounds.  Just how one manipulates that "necessary" connection depends on many things.
I have only recently come to appreciate the extent to which the slur mark indicates a greater moment of suspense between the up- and the down beat.  Particularly in Dvorak.


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